Henry Gastineau was a painter of watercolours who lived on Coldharbour Lane for over 50 years. Mostly in a house Norfolk Lodge which was built for him in 1827. Prior to moving into Norfolk Lodge, he lived firstly at 24 Denmark Row and then at 1 Adelphi Place, both on Coldharbour Lane.
This extract from Stanfords Library Map of London and its Suburbs dates from 1862. It shows Norfolk Lodge loctaed on the south east corner of Coldharbour Lane and Vaughan Road. Further east also on the south side was the row of Terraces known as Denmark Row. In the 1874 street renaming, replacing house names with street number Norfolk Lodge became 145 Coldharbour Lane, 24 Denmark Row became 117 Coldharbour Lane and 1 Adelphic Place was renamed as 121 Coldharbour Lane.
The following photo shows the current building on the site of Norfolk Lodge. Taken in June 2016.
He was born in 1791, the son of Charles & Sarah Gastineau. Both his father -Charles b. 1735 and grandfather -Charles b 1702 were born in Engalnd however his Great Grandfather Matharin was b 1663 in France. Charles Gastineau (father) was a tea-merchant in the City of London. He married Mary Knaggs July 15 1819 and had 5 children: John, William, Ann Jane , Robert and Maria who was also a landscape painter.
Henry Gastineau was a topographer and landscape artist. He trained as a engraver and then studied at the Royal Academy School. Thereafter he travelled widely painting landscapes and buildings. He is best known for his extensive work in Wales. Here is a link to the National Gallery of Wales who hold a large number of Gastineau’s Wales work.
He was elected as a member to the Society of Painters in Water-colours 1818 and went on to exhibit his paintings for 58 years.
This photograph of Henry Gastineau, part of the National Portrait Gallery collection was published in 1864.
Gastineau’s work features in a number of books including The Surrey Tourist (or Excursions through Surrey) 1821, Excursions in the County of Kent-1822 and Wales Illustrated – 1829.
Henry Gastineau was a good friend of JMW Turner and John Constable and often accompanied Turner on excursions to the Lake District and Switzerland.
Here are a couple of Gastineau paintings featuring London scenes.
This engraving by Henry Gastineau of Fountain Cottage on the John Lettsom Estate in Camberwell in 1811 was published in volume iv of the Beauties of England and Wales.
This painting is titled St Paul’s from Greenwich and dates from 1823.
Croydon Canal dated 1836
There is one Henry Gastineau painting in particular I would like to be able to feature on this blog. It is titled Camberwell Landscape c1820 and features a view painted from the Norfolk Lodge back garden looking east over farmland towards St Matthews Church on Denmark Hill and with the spire of St Giles, Camberwell in the further background. It is owned by the Borough of Southwark and was featured on the Southwark Art Collection website, though the image was never available.If any one has a copy I would love to feature in this post. The Southwark reference number is/was GA0258.
October 2016: As luck would have it following on from above, I found a copy of the above painting in The Old Water-Colour Society’s Club, The Fifty-Second Annual Volume, edited by Adrian Burt and published for members only in 1977 by the Society. The Annual titles it St Giles Church, although it is St Matthews Church with the St Giles spire in the background.
Mary Gastineau died on 25th March 1861 in her 74th year. Henry Gastineau died aged 86 years on the 17th January 1876, he was interred at Norwood Cemetary. He was a prolific artist who even in 1875 exhibited 11 pictures at the Society of Painter in Water-colour exhibition. He died according to the Morning Post in its obituary of a gradual decay of nature.
The extract above from the Ordanance Survey map 1893-6 shows Norfolk House second in on the corner of Coldharbour Lane and Vaughan Road, right hand side.
Norfolk House and the other large houses were replaced by the terrace in the photo below at the turn of the 20th century , part of which was destroyed following a bombing raid in WW11.
Thereafter it became in turn a temporary coach park then a permanent coach park used by Redwing Coaches until they moved to Milkwood Road and the housing deveopment in the photo at the top of the page.
Thanks to corresponent Angela, we record that Henry Gastineau’s father Charles (1735-1818) also lived in Denmark Row. Anne-Jane Gastineau, Henry Gastineau’s daughter married Arthur Hills of Woodside in Norwood. She must have inheited many of the Gastineau paintings as Angela tells us that Albert Edward Hills, Annie and Arthurs’s son who made his fortune in Birmingham through the manufacture of steel tubing donated a large number of Gastineau watercolours to the City Art Gallery. His brother Douglas Hills in 1944 also donated paintings to the Museum & Art Gallery in Birmingham.
And it seems that Thomas Francis Gastineau, brother to Henry also lived in Coldharbour Lane in Adelphi Place.
Angela also sent me this fantastic drawing of Henry Gastineau taken from the Illustrated London News 5th Feb 1876.
I have enjoyed looking at this blog. I am presently researching Anne-Jane Gastineau [daughter of Henry Gastineau, landscape painter] who married Arthur Hills at Brixton as follows:- Arthur Hill esq of Woodside, Norwood to Ann-Jane Gastineau eldest daughter of Henry Gastineau esq of Cold Harbour Lane, Camberwell” reference Gents Mag Vol 176 c1844. I believe many of Henry Gastineau’s paintings were donated to the Museum & Art Gallery in Birmingham by the late Mr Douglas Hills in 1944 adding to a previous donation of Henry Gastineau’s work by Mr A E Hills his brother making it the most representative & comprehensive collection of Gastineau’s work in any public gallery.
The Hills family feature in several websites including that of Greenwich Peninsula History & Early London Gas Industry. Arthur Hills is a grandson of Thomas Hills, manufacturing chemist [1778-1837].
I too should love to see the missing painting ‘Camberwell landscape c1820’ – trusting a copy shall turn up!
Thank you Angela, for your kind words. I will add the Douglas Hills donation to the post in the next few days. Best of luck with your research into Anne-Jane Hills nee Gastineau.
Dear John, I have much further research concerning Gastineau & Hills for instance Charles Gastineau [1735-1818], father to Henry the artist, also lived in Denmark-row, Cold Harbour Lane [as I expect you already know] resulting in sale of his effects at Garraway’s c1818. This sale notice includes a good description of his property.
Another son Thomas Francis Gastenau [1781-1858] ‘late of the Bank of England’ lived Adelphi Place – I have copy of extracts from his will and can submit if you wish.
In the will of Thomas Deeble probated 1794 he bequeaths to his daughter Ann-Jane Gastineau [née Hills] “my old silver cup”.
There is a newspaper article “Death of a Lady Artist on the Welsh Mountains” 1890 which is of course Henry’s daughter Mary Gastineau.
Finally there is another Gastenau/Hills marriage in that Charles Gastineau married Ann Martha Hills in 1835 at St Giles, Camberwell – yesterday I found an article in The Times of 1 1 1822 as follows:-
“New Music for the pianoforte ‘L’Accueil favorable a Divertimento’ composed and inscribed to Miss Ann Martha Hill by N. Rolfe 2s 6d to be had of the author 112 Cheapside opposite Bow Church”.
I shall try to email you in addition to this post.
Best wishes, Angela
I am submitting two very interesting newspaper articles regarding sale of Charles Gastineau’s property & effects c1818. You will note his ‘Country House’ was described with walled garden, iron railings & excellent views as ‘last house in Denmark Row, Cold Harbour Lane, Camberwell’.
Charles Gastineau Esq, broker [1735-1818], is father to Henry & [in turn] his daughter Mary Gastineau, artists [as well you know].
I have already sent you my transcription of the PCC Will of Charles Gastinau probated c1818 per email. In his will Charles Gastineau expressed a wish to be buried in ‘the burying place I have at St Giles, Camberwell’. How I wish these old tombstones were still there!
The second newspaper article details contents of this house again most interesting including 4 poster beds with dimity hangings. Catalogues available at The Golden Lion, Camberwell.
You will also note the auctioneer was a gentleman named Mr Burrell of Throckmorton Street – in fact Charles Burrell [1760-1838] whose wife Charlotte Burrell witnessed will of Charles Gastineau c1818.
Charles Burrell himself held 18 & 19 Denmark Row as well as a house in Thockmorton Street, City, therefore I have taken the opportunity to research he and his family and discovered the Burrell family were still resident in Camberwell in 1911 census. It is likely descendants are still living in the vicinity today.
I am presently transcribing PCC Will of Charles Burrell c1838 and shall submit when ready.
Now sending attachments per email.
I am such a descendant of Charles Burrell, living in the Channel Islands. Other descendants included an artist who emigrated ca late 1800s to Australia, with his brother, and the Civil Engineer, Percy Burrell, who was working on building a railway for (Paraguay?) during a war with Brazil. He fell into Brazilian hands and was interned for some while, being only allowed back to England if he guaranteed not to further help the Paraguain Government!
Dear John, I have now sent apprenticeship details of Charles Gastineau [1702-1780] to John Gastineau, citizen & weaver. As you have said in your introduction Charles [1702-1780] is son of Matharin Gastineau born c1642 in France later of Spittle ffields, County of Middx and GF to Henry Gastineau the artist.